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Male Drivers. Ugh.

So the light ahead had just turned red.  There are already some cars stopping in front of me.  I’m a few hundred yards off, starting to coast.  The guy behind me decides it’s a great time to tailgate me because now I’m only doing the speed limit and slowing down for the red signal.  It only lasts a few seconds, as he floors it and zooms into the left lane once he has enough room.  Engine strained to the maximum, he has barely enough time to cut back in front of me and jam on the brakes of his manly PT Cruiser to stop for the light.  Whatevs.  Glad I wasn’t turning right, because he blocked the entrance to that lane as well.

For icing on his big boy cake, he decides to make eye contact in his mirror, just to make sure that I realize that he has more testosterone than me, apparently.  I give him a very polite golf clap, to recognize his grand accomplishment of wasting gas and brake pads in order to wait one car farther up at the light.  To be fair, that may have been the high point of his day, so I suppose I should have just let him enjoy it.  Instead, he opted to increase his testosterone levels even more with a single digit gesture.  I smiled and snickered to myself as we waited a few more seconds for the light to finally turn green.  He did manage to weave around a couple more drivers who were only doing a little over the 35 mph speed limit in the residential area, before he got stuck at the next light.   I had to turn, but I hoped he’d finally make a green light and have a special moment enjoying his thrill of the week!  Maybe I just need to have my testosterone checked?  And now that Illinois has just issued concealed carry permits, I suppose there should be no more golf claps for road ragers in the future…

Puffy coats, bad. Frost bite, also bad.

IMG_3976 (2)Seven degrees Fahrenheit with a windchill of negative 11°. That’s the weather outside as I type this post, and overnight, the windchill will fall to -30°. I know puffy coats and carseats don’t mix, but I also know that weather this cold isn’t just uncomfortable, it’s potentially dangerous.  What’s a safety-conscious mom to do? How do you balance protection from cold and protection from the very real risk of car crashes, now increased by the terrible driving conditions that accompany ice and snow?

The answer is layers! Think about the four ways your layers can protect you:

  1. Base layer/moisture control. If you’re going to be active enough to sweat, moisture control is critical. If you’re just driving to the store or school, this isn’t nearly as important. (I usually skip this step unless my kids are going sledding.)
  2. Insulation. Long underwear, wool sweaters, fleece pullovers–all provide insulation without adding a bunch of bulk.
  3. Outer layer. From light weight windbreaker jackets to heavy winter parkas and snow pants, this layer helps whenever windchill is a factor and also helps to protect you from snow or rain.
  4. Extremities. Hats, gloves, socks, and boots all play a role in keeping extremities warm.

Here are some examples of what that looks like for two of my own kids.

IMG_0651 IMG_0655

On the left are two outfits for my 6 year old, who weighs a little over 40 lb and rides in a True Fit. The first outfit is a sweater dress over a cotton t-shirt with heavy tights, leggings, and an extra pair of socks. The second outfit is a sweatshirt over a waffle knit shirt, heavy tights and thin leggings under blue jeans, and socks.

The outfit on the right came from my 10 year old’s wardrobe. She uses a Clek booster in the car. She has a t-shirt under a turtleneck sweater, and jeans over tights and long underwear with socks. Yes, the long johns are bright red, but no one is going to see them under jeans and socks.

Before we leave the house, they’ll put on hat and gloves. One of my favorite tricks is to wear a pair of stretchy, one-size-fits-all gloves under a pair of thicker gloves or mittens. Not only do layers mean warmth, but if you have to take off the thick pair to do something, the thin pair helps keep your hands from getting cold quite as fast. Boots provide insulation and resistance to water, including melted snow.

Finally, they do wear coats. To help reduce the bulk between them and the harness/seatbelt, I have them unzip before buckling up.

Good News, Bad News – Latest Report from the CDC

First the good news: Child deaths from motor vehicle crashes have decreased by 43% in the past decade. This is fantastic news and definitely worth celebrating.

children-deaths_570px (2)However, there’s still room for improvement. Motor vehicle crashes are still the #1 cause of death for American children, and the data from the CDC’s latest report shows that 1/3 of the children who died were unrestrained. Proper restraint significantly reduces the risk of death, so the best thing parents can do to protect their kids is to buckle them up!

Other points of note from the report:

  • Racial disparity among unrestrained children is significant (i.e., minority children are much more likely to be unrestrained).
  • An estimated 3,308 children under age 5 were saved by child restraints.
  • Infants under a year were most likely to be restrained, while 8-12 year olds were least likely to be buckled.
  • Improved child restraint laws can significantly decrease the percentage of unrestrained children in a state, decreasing deaths and injuries by 17%!

The CDC recommends that children ride rear facing until they are 2 years old, use a forward-facing harnessed seat until at least age 5, and remain in a booster until the seatbelt fits properly. “Buckle up every age, every trip.”

Sources: Vital Signs: Restraint Use and Motor Vehicle Occupant Death Rates Among Children Aged 0–12 Years — United States, 2002–2011 and CDC Vital Signs: Buckle up every age, every trip (February 2014).

Consumer Reports: The Surprise Meeting

CR rockOn a bright sunny day in September, there we were, minding our own business as we went about updating our Recommended Seats page when Kecia decided we needed to take a look at the Consumer Reports ratings to see how our choices compared to theirs. As we looked at their ratings, we noticed some discrepancies in their rating system—which we’ve noticed in the past—and we called them out on it in a blog post. One thing led to another, which led to an invitation to their testing facility in Connecticut. We’ve gotten an invitation to visit before but the timing has never been right for us. This invitation was a little more . . . firm, but in a friendly way, like “C’mon now, you’ve got to come visit us!” I have to say a visit to this testing facility has been on my list of things to do for a LONG time, so Kecia and I were able to squeeze some time in our schedules to get there. Finally!

Upon our arrival at the 327-acre testing facility, we were giddy at the sound of a car on the track screeching through curves and circles. The small parking lot was full of relatively new cars, some parked in spots marking them for sale. When we walked inside, everyone in the small building was waiting for us and greeted us warmly. Kecia and I weren’t sure if others would be attending with us that day, but it was soon clear then that the CR folks had set aside an entire day just for us and we were deeply grateful. I’d love to reciprocate, but my facility is pretty simple: a couch in front of a TV with a remote. Oh, and two cute furry mutts that occasionally nudge me.

After introductions and a tour of the main building, we went to where the real work is done: where they keep the vehicles in which they install the carseats they rate. It’s a rather warehouse-type building with a couple of garage doors on 2 sides to get the vehicles in and out and it’s lined on one side with offices. On one end is storage for all the carseats they’ve tested and because that’s not nearly enough storage (is it ever?), the storage runs along the top of the offices. It’s not a drab building at all and very comfortable to be in.

Now for a little background on CR vehicle testing. They’ve been doing vehicle dynamic crash tests since 1972 and auto testing since 1936. That’s quite a history! Each vehicle undergoes 50 tests and evaluations, which eventually leads to the ratings we see in the yearly comprehensive April auto issue and monthly issues where they review vehicles.

But what about CR’s carseat testing? Isn’t that why we went? Sure! We’ve wanted to know for years what’s behind those circles, formally known as “blobs” around CR, lol (and that term is probably trademarked ;) ). CR employs 3 highly qualified individuals, who are also certified as child passenger safety technicians  (no, we didn’t ask to see their cards :P ). For each carseat they evaluate, they use standardized forms to keep track of how they score the seat using a point-based system. They cover ease of use features, such as harness adjustment, seat belt lockoffs, and harness height adjustment. Each carseat is evaluated based on installation in four 2008 vehicles (Honda Accord, Chevy Aveo, Jeep Liberty, Chrysler Town & Country) and a 2009 Honda Pilot. These vehicles represent many family vehicle types in which carseats will be installed and also present common installation problems so they feel they can get representative installs in them. Deductions in points are taken for things like having to make buckle twists (carseat belt path could be redesigned to eliminate need for twists), needing to remove vehicle head restraints to get the carseat to fit (referencing carseat design on taller seats), and so on. CR gives a numerical value to all of the crash data. Crash protection represents HIC, chest acceleration, and head and knee excursion values measured from their own crash performance tests.

The overall score is calculated by taking the weighted average of crash protection, ease of use, and fit to vehicle. They were unable to share the exact weights but they did indicate that the ease of use and fit-to-vehicle ratings matter most in the overall score calculations. Let’s say CR assigns a number value ranging from 1 to 5 to each category: crash protection, ease of use, and fit to vehicle. 5= excellent, 4=very good, 3=good, 2=fair and 1=poor. Because CR feels ease of use and fit to vehicle are very important to proper use of carseats, and therefore overall better protection for the child in the seat, the scores in those two categories count more heavily. For instance, let’s say we have 2 carseats to compare, carseat A and carseat B. When people try and average them traditionally the math doesn’t always work out as they would score a 3.67 and 4.3 overall if done that way. In truth a seat like Seat “A” below that excels in crash protection but is not as good for ease-of-use and fit-to-vehicle results in a lower overall score. Seat “B” conversely doesn’t do as well in crash protection but its score is boosted by its easy to use features and installation. Also, if CR finds a seat that performs poorly enough during crash testing to compromise its ability to protect a child, its rating will reflect that appropriately as we have seen in the past.

  Crash Protection Ease of Use Fit to Vehicle Overall Score
Carseat A  5.0  3.0  3.0  3.0
Carseat B  3.0  5.0  5.0  5.0


For booster testing, we got to meet a lovely young 6 yr old named Beatrice. At first, Kecia and I couldn’t figure out why they wheeled her out on a dial-a-belt seat (that’s a vehicle seat we use in tech classes that has a bunch of different seat belts for those of you who haven’t seen one before). Then I picked her up. Yep, nearly 52 lbs. of dead weight. My 11 yr old, who weighs 67 lbs. is much easier to pick up, but that’s because she provides a little jump, unlike the dummy. When they test a booster with Beatrice, they move her 20˚ forward and 15˚ to each side to simulate what a child might do in the vehicle. This helps them to identify problems like the shoulder belt catching in the belt guide, unlike the IIHS belt fit test, which strictly looks at a static fit.

Heather and Beatrice at CR

Kecia and I chose a day in early November to beat the winter weather, but that didn’t stop the rain from falling the day we visited. To finish up our visit, one of our hosts took us out in the pouring rain in a brand new Porsche Panamera for a professional drive on the test track—an unexpected special treat! We took off down the straightaway hitting speeds close to 100 mph, spun around the circle feeling the centrifigual force on our bodies, slid sideways, and generally felt carsick after the ride. But it was fabulous!

Porsche Panamera  pic of wall hanging

Kecia and I have a better understanding about the Consumer Reports ratings system now and that was the goal of the trip. We also came away with 4 new friends who have a better understanding of us too. I can’t say we’ll always agree with our respective opinions, but the conversation has been started and I’ll give that a full red blob.